Answered By: Kristie Jones (Brisbane)
Last Updated: 22 Sep 2017     Views: 6380

Missing volume number:

When a journal article is missing a volume number, check that it is not recorded in the details information in the database or on the journal website. In some journals, the volume may be the same as the year (Merenda, 2012). This would then be used in both parts of the reference - the year position and the volume position. If this isn't appropriate, omit the volume number from your reference.

Missing issue number and page numbers not clear/missing:

There are some online-only journals where every article starts on page 1 instead of having unique page ranges (Lee, 2015). An article number is usually assigned rather than an issue number. In these cases, reference the page range as indicated for the article but leave out the issue number.

For example:

Lee, S., Nam, D., Leem, J., Han, G., Lee, S., & Lee, J. (2016). Efficacy and safety of myofascial-meridian  

        release acupuncture (MMRA) for chronic neck pain: A study protocol for randomized, patient-

        and-assessor-blinded, sham controlled trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 16, 1-9. Retreived from

If an article is formatted without page numbers, leave this information out of the reference (Lee, 2015).



Lee, C. (2015, May 5). How to cite an article with an article number Instead of a page range [Blog post]. Retrieved from


Merenda, C. (2012, January 05). Got volume [Blog post]. Retrieved from


Comments (2)

  1. Unfortunately, your "Retrieved from" example is very wrong, and very misleading. One would never use the three-line URL of the search database (e.g. Ebscohost) in a reference list. Instead, it is appropriate to use "Retrieved from [journal's homepage]".See APA 6th edition
    by RMT on 02 Jan 2018.
  2. Using the journal homepage URL is the APA standard. However, it was decided at an academic level that Endeavour would ammend this to the full URL. If a permalink (a permanent link that will take you straight to the article) is available, this can be used instead. The reason for this change is to make it easier for students and also to give the option to provide a correct link (permalink) if available.
    by Kristie Jones (Brisbane) on 02 Jan 2018.

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